Roses: what you need to know
Roses, prized for their beauty, elegance and fragrance, are considered the most romantic of flowers. Rose is the name that epitomizes beauty, a fact which is not just by coincidence, rather, well-acknowledged due to its characteristic dazzling colour combinations and variety to its sweet scents and delicate rows of petals.
Little wonder rose is such a special flower, it has evolved over a millennium with over three hundred species and tens of thousands of cultivars. They are indispensable in informal mixed planting schemes and with variety of colours and forms to choose from, there is a rose for every garden.
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa in the Rosaceae family. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing, with stems often armed with sharp prickles. Different species of rose plant has been hybridized (crossbred) easily, a practice that is widely adopted in the development of garden roses.
- Roses are best used as ornamental plants grown for their flowers indoors or outdoors (garden)
- Roses are used commercially in perfumery and as cut flower crops
- Roses are used for landscaping, hedging and other utilitarian purposes e.g., game cover
- Blue roses are the rarest type of rose
- Black roses do not exist
- A Red rose is a symbol of love
- A yellow rose is a symbol of friendship
- Orange rose symbolizes enthusiasm
- A White rose is a symbol of purity
- A Pink rose is a symbol of joy
With hundreds of cultivars both ancient and modern cultivated, there are members of the genus Rosa suited to an enormous number of garden situations. When grown in a suitable site and soil, they will repay with a profusion of blooms.
All roses prefer an open, sunny site in fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. However, it is advisable not to plant them in an area where roses have been grown before because the soil may have been affected by “rose sickness”, caused by a buildup of harmful soil organisms and plants may fail to thrive. Roses require a good supply of nutrients to perform well.
rose perfumes are made from rose oil (also known as attar of rose) which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses.
Some of the most common application of rose includes:
- Gardening and landscaping
- Cut flowers
- Food and drink
- Art and Symbolism
The floral industry is one of the higher industries in many developing and underdeveloped countries. The floral industry essentially consists of three major components: the growers; the wholesalers; and the retailers.
Ecuador is considered the largest producer and exporter of roses globally with Bulgaria also referred to as the land of roses. The world best roses are grown in Colombia and Ecuador.
Roses embrace almost every colour of the spectrum apart from true blue, and some have a strong fragrance, such as the heady, sweet scent of the Damasks or musk and spicy fragrance of many modern roses.
It is the season of love yet again – Valentine season. The air is once again filled with the aura of love, beauty, affection and gratitude. Now more than ever is the time to show those in whom you hold dearly some love and a quick suggestion would be to give them a pot of rose plant or a bouquet of rose flowers.
In my humble way of showing love, I will like to share with my amazing readers a famous poem by the English poet, Edmund Spenser in 1590 (modern version) _ ROSES ARE RED:
Roses are red
Violets are blue
Sugar is sweet
And so are you
Plant a rose today!🌹
Next on the floral series:
Aloe vera: what you need to know